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Chapter 17 Appendix C: Conducting Library Research 17.1 Appendix C Items 1) Research ideas and findings can be found in A) books. B) journals. C) technical reports. D) All of the above Answer: D Rationale: Option D is correct because research ideas and findings can indeed be found in books, journals, and technical reports, making all of the options listed valid sources of research information. 2) If you are having trouble tracking down information in the library, a good person to ask for help is the A) office administrator. B) reference librarian. C) research consultant. D) library desk clerk. Answer: B Rationale: Option B is correct because reference librarians are trained to assist patrons in finding information in the library, including research materials, making them a valuable resource for those having trouble locating information. 3) Which sources publish the details of research studies? A) literature reviews B) abstracts C) primary sources D) secondary sources Answer: C Rationale: Option C is correct because primary sources are the ones that publish the details of research studies, including original research articles, dissertations, and conference proceedings. 4) Dissertations A) can only be obtained from the university that granted the degree. B) are usually a part of the library collection at the university where the dissertation was conducted. C) can be obtained through an organization called University Microfilms. D) Both B and C Answer: D Rationale: Option D is correct because dissertations are typically available in the library collection of the university where the research was conducted, and they can also be obtained through organizations like University Microfilms, providing multiple avenues for access. 5) Which sources publish integrative reviews of broad areas of research? A) primary sources B) secondary sources C) initial publications D) private publications Answer: B Rationale: Option B is correct because secondary sources, such as review articles and literature reviews, often provide integrative reviews of broad areas of research by synthesizing and analyzing findings from primary sources. 6) Which of the following would NOT be considered a primary source? A) journal articles B) dissertations C) book chapters D) All of the above are primary sources. Answer: C Rationale: Option C is correct because while journal articles and dissertations are primary sources, book chapters may or may not be depending on whether they report original research or compile information from other sources. 7) Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of using secondary sources? A) The research discussed is at least one to two years old. B) They do not provide as many details as original research reports. C) They critique other research studies. D) They are generally published at least a year after completion. Answer: C Rationale: Option C is correct because critiquing other research studies is not typically considered a disadvantage of using secondary sources; instead, it may provide valuable insights and evaluations of existing research. 8) Which of the following is NOT considered a secondary source? A) review articles in journals B) books C) annual reviews D) dissertations Answer: D Rationale: Option D is correct because dissertations are typically considered primary sources as they report original research conducted by the author. 9) What resource lists titles, authors, and sources (i.e., journals, books) for virtually everything relevant to the field of psychology? A) Psychological Abstracts B) Educational Resource Information Center C) Index Medicus D) Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature Answer: A Rationale: Option A is correct because Psychological Abstracts lists titles, authors, and sources for virtually everything relevant to the field of psychology, providing comprehensive coverage of psychological literature. 10) Library catalogs, Books in Print, Index Medicus, and Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature share what common trait? A) They do not provide abstracts. B) They are only available on computer. C) They must be searched by author. D) They are only available in large libraries. Answer: A Rationale: Option A is correct because these resources share the common trait of not providing abstracts; they primarily list bibliographic information such as titles, authors, and publication sources. 11) You can find articles that cite a particular publication in the A) Social Science Citation Index B) Publication Citation Index C) Reverse Directory of Science Literature D) Both A and C Answer: A Rationale: The Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) is a database that indexes the citations found in scholarly journals across social science disciplines, allowing users to identify articles that cite a particular publication. 12) Which of the following provides a citation index to biomedical literature? A) Science Citation Index B) ERIC C) Social Science Citation Index D) Both A and C Answer: D Rationale: Both the Science Citation Index (SCI) and the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) provide citation indexing services, with SCI focusing on biomedical literature and SSCI covering social science disciplines. 13) Before beginning library research, you should have a clear problem statement and A) a list of key terms that would identify relevant papers. B) a list of appropriate indexes. C) an appointment with the reference librarian. D) a sharp pencil. Answer: A Rationale: Having a clear problem statement and a list of key terms helps focus and refine the search process, making it more efficient in identifying relevant papers. 14) If you searched for the key term "schizophrenia" and identified 68,000 articles, you should A) read each abstract to determine relevance. B) read each title to determine relevance. C) use a combination of key words to narrow the search. D) use only the stem of the word, such as "schizo," to modify the search. Answer: C Rationale: When faced with a large number of search results, using a combination of keywords or additional search filters can help narrow down the results to those most relevant to the research topic. 15) Adding the Boolean operator _____ to a keyword search will narrow the search by requiring that two conditions be met. A) AND B) OR C) BOTH D) COMBINE Answer: A Rationale: The Boolean operator "AND" is used in keyword searches to narrow the results by requiring that both specified conditions or keywords are met in the retrieved documents. 16) Adding the Boolean operator _____ will broaden a keyword search by identifying articles that meet one of several specified conditions. A) AND B) OR C) BOTH D) EITHER Answer: B Rationale: The Boolean operator "OR" is used in keyword searches to broaden the results by retrieving documents that meet at least one of the specified conditions or keywords. 17) The term _____ refers to searching reference lists of relevant articles for more relevant articles. A) searching backwards B) reference surfing C) searching forward D) All of the above Answer: A Rationale: "Searching backwards" refers to the practice of examining the reference lists of relevant articles to identify additional sources that may be pertinent to the research topic. Test Bank for Research Methods: A Process of Inquiry Anthony M. Graziano, Michael L. Raulin 9780205900923, 9780205907694, 9780135705056

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