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Chapter 3
Question 1
Which of the following is considered a threat to information quality?
1. An unauthorized user hacks into the system to review the clients' records
2. Not verifying information as correct prior to entry
3. An earthquake interrupts the power supply and causes data loss
4. A wireless transmission is intercepted to review a new client's records.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1:
Hackers are a threat to confidentiality. The correct response is a failure to enter data correctly
which is a very serious threat to the quality of information.
Rationale 2:
Failing to enter data correctly is a very serious threat to the quality of information and
"garbage in" equals "garbage out". Interruption of a power supply is a threat to information
availability; and hackers and wireless interceptions are threats to confidentiality.
Rationale 3:
Interruption of a power supply is a threat to information availability. The correct response is a
failure to enter data correctly which is a very serious threat to the quality of information.
Rationale 4:
Wireless interception is a threat to confidentiality. The correct response is a failure to enter
data correctly which is a very serious threat to the quality of information.
Question 2
In which instance is using the technique of data mining most appropriate?
1. To document quality improvement when problems are identified and targeted on a medicalsurgical unit
2. To find the appropriate treatment for a client with advanced lung cancer

3. To identify an appropriate diagnosis for a client with undetermined signs and symptoms
4. To assist in the determination of the correct dose of medication to give a client in
congestive heart failure
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
Data mining is a technique that is used to look for hidden patterns and relationships in large
groups of data, not specific cases.
Rationale 2:
Data mining is a technique that is used to look for hidden patterns and relationships in large
groups of data, not specific cases.
Rationale 3:
Data mining is a technique that is used to look for hidden patterns and relationships in large
groups of data, not specific cases.
Rationale 4:
Data mining is a technique that is used to look for hidden patterns and relationships in large
groups of data, not specific cases.
Question 3
Which of the following is an example of data cleansing or scrubbing?
1. Abbreviations are compared using software to ensure standard language is used.
2. When the name of the admitting physician is blank, the primary physician is used by
default.
3. Users may sort and compare data to determine relationships.
4. Data are used to identify standardized treatments for specific diseases.
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:

Data cleansing or scrubbing is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to
ensure that it is accurate enough for use in data mining and warehousing. It uses technology
to reconcile data inconsistencies that arise from different systems as well as duplicate entries
in one system. These inconsistencies may include typographical errors, misspellings, and
various abbreviations as well as address changes.
Rationale 2:
Data cleansing or scrubbing is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to
ensure that it is accurate enough for use in data mining and warehousing. It uses technology
to reconcile data inconsistencies that arise from different systems as well as duplicate entries
in one system. These inconsistencies may include typographical errors, misspellings, and
various abbreviations as well as address changes.
Rationale 3:
Data cleansing or scrubbing is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to
ensure that it is accurate enough for use in data mining and warehousing. It uses technology
to reconcile data inconsistencies that arise from different systems as well as duplicate entries
in one system. These inconsistencies may include typographical errors, misspellings, and
various abbreviations as well as address changes.
Rationale 4:
Data cleansing or scrubbing is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to
ensure that it is accurate enough for use in data mining and warehousing. It uses technology
to reconcile data inconsistencies that arise from different systems as well as duplicate entries
in one system. These inconsistencies may include typographical errors, misspellings, and
various abbreviations as well as address changes.
Question 4
Which of the following is a key motivation to outsource data storage?
1. To allow company personnel to maintain their positions in the company
2. To contract with company employees to maintain their loyalty
3. To reduce costs required for data storage and maintenance
4. To maintain data storage on site with the least amount of effort

Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
Outsourcing is a method by which outside companies specializing in data management
techniques may take on responsibilities such as data storage for lower costs, since the
companies are highly efficient in one or two areas of data management.
Rationale 2:
Outsourcing is a method by which outside companies specializing in data management
techniques may take on responsibilities such as data storage for lower costs, since the
companies are highly efficient in one or two areas of data management.
Rationale 3:
Outsourcing is a method by which outside companies specializing in data management
techniques may take on responsibilities such as data storage for lower costs, since the
companies are highly efficient in one or two areas of data management.
Rationale 4:
Outsourcing is a method by which outside companies specializing in data management
techniques may take on responsibilities such as data storage for lower costs, since the
companies are highly efficient in one or two areas of data management.
Question 5
When is it more appropriate to use online storage as compared to offline storage?
1. Safety of backup materials is a must
2. Long-term data storage is required for old records
3. Old client records should be kept more safely
4. Immediate access to data may be needed
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1:
Online storage provides immediate access to current data. Offline storage is useful to archive
data for long-term storage, maintain old records, and keep backups safely.

Rationale 2:
Online storage provides immediate access to current data. Offline storage is useful to archive
data for long-term storage, maintain old records, and keep backups safely.
Rationale 3:
Online storage provides immediate access to current data. Offline storage is useful to archive
data for long-term storage, maintain old records, and keep backups safely.
Rationale 4:
Online storage provides immediate access to current data. Offline storage is useful to archive
data for long-term storage, maintain old records, and keep backups safely.
Question 6
Data integrity may be affected by how data is stored. Which of the following storage methods
is the most reliable?
1. Portable hard drive with removable disk
2. Optical media and disks
3. Magnetic tape or cartridges
4. Redundant Array of Disks (RAID)
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1:
RAID technology uses two or more hard drives that are interconnected to duplicate data.
Magnetic tapes, optical media, and portable hard drives do not automatically store duplicate
copies of data.
Rationale 2:
RAID technology uses two or more hard drives that are interconnected to duplicate data.
Magnetic tapes, optical media, and portable hard drives do not automatically store duplicate
copies of data.
Rationale 3:

RAID technology uses two or more hard drives that are interconnected to duplicate data.
Magnetic tapes, optical media, and portable hard drives do not automatically store duplicate
copies of data.
Rationale 4:
RAID technology uses two or more hard drives that are interconnected to duplicate data.
Magnetic tapes, optical media, and portable hard drives do not automatically store duplicate
copies of data.
Question 7
Which of the following is an example of a system check?
1. When a duplicate entry is entered into the system, that entry is immediately deleted.
2. The nurse asks clients to verify their names when prompted by the computer system.
3. After turning on the bedside computer, the system performs a self-check before data will
input.
4. Software in the system automatically corrects misspelled words and abbreviations.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1:
System checks are programmed into the computer to assist in data collection and verification
at the point of entry. The health care worker will be prompted to verify or confirm
information that seems inappropriate.
Rationale 2:
System checks are programmed into the computer to assist in data collection and verification
at the point of entry. The health care worker will be prompted to verify or confirm
information that seems inappropriate.
Rationale 3:
System checks are programmed into the computer to assist in data collection and verification
at the point of entry. The health care worker will be prompted to verify or confirm
information that seems inappropriate.

Rationale 4:
System checks are programmed into the computer to assist in data collection and verification
at the point of entry. The health care worker will be prompted to verify or confirm
information that seems inappropriate.
Question 8
Data verification techniques are important to ensure data accuracy. For which of the
following clients is data verification most difficult?
1. A client who is visually impaired can verbalize which data are correct and incorrect.
2. A client who is hard of hearing can read and confirm printouts of entered data.
3. A client who does not speak English can point to the screen to verify correct data.
4. A client who is unable to read can affirm verbally that the information is correct.
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
For non-English speaking persons, all data verification techniques are at highest risk for
improper verification. Proof of identification or a translator may be needed to ensure
accuracy.
Rationale 2:
For non-English speaking persons, all data verification techniques are at highest risk for
improper verification. Proof of identification or a translator may be needed to ensure
accuracy.
Rationale 3:
For non-English speaking persons, all data verification techniques are at highest risk for
improper verification. Proof of identification or a translator may be needed to ensure
accuracy.
Rationale 4:

For non-English speaking persons, all data verification techniques are at highest risk for
improper verification. Proof of identification or a translator may be needed to ensure
accuracy.
Question 9
Which type of storage document is most accurate and improves access to records?
1. Immediate entry of data into automated systems
2. Films of old records converted from old client paper records
3. Document imaging and scanning of old client paper records
4. Original paper records from old client charts
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
Although more costly in the long run, automation of records is efficient and allows for better
access. Other types of records require more storage space and it can be difficult to find the
exact record desired.
Rationale 2:
Although more costly in the long run, automation of records is efficient and allows for better
access. Other types of records require more storage space and it can be difficult to find the
exact record desired.
Rationale 3:
Although more costly in the long run, automation of records is efficient and allows for better
access. Other types of records require more storage space and it can be difficult to find the
exact record desired.
Rationale 4:
Although more costly in the long run, automation of records is efficient and allows for better
access. Other types of records require more storage space and it can be difficult to find the
exact record desired.
Question 10

Which of the following is a result of the shift toward evidence-based practice in health care?
1. Quality of clinical data collected is not as important as the quantity of the data because AI
can extract needed information.
2. Data mining has reduced the need for special analysis and statistics.
3. Dependence on information derived from examining patterns and relationships in data has
increased.
4. The need for primary data storage has increased while the need for secondary data storage
has decreased.
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
The shift toward evidence-based practice and outcomes research requires a massive amount
of clinical data and the amount of data collected and stored is growing exponentially. This
process requires the collection of the right information in its entirety. Special analysis using
statistics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning technologies are needed to provide
useful information about patterns and relationships.
Rationale 2:
The shift toward evidence-based practice and outcomes research requires a massive amount
of clinical data and the amount of data collected and stored is growing exponentially. This
process requires the collection of the right information in its entirety. Special analysis using
statistics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning technologies are needed to provide
useful information about patterns and relationships.
Rationale 3:
The shift toward evidence-based practice and outcomes research requires a massive amount
of clinical data and the amount of data collected and stored is growing exponentially. This
process requires the collection of the right information in its entirety. Special analysis using
statistics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning technologies are needed to provide
useful information about patterns and relationships.
Rationale 4:

The shift toward evidence-based practice and outcomes research requires a massive amount
of clinical data and the amount of data collected and stored is growing exponentially. This
process requires the collection of the right information in its entirety. Special analysis using
statistics, artificial intelligence, and machine learning technologies are needed to provide
useful information about patterns and relationships.
Question 11
A relational database is a type of database that is specifically designed for which of the
following?
1. Accessing data stored in multiple databases
2. Exclusive use of a database administrator (DBA)
3. Answering complex analytical questions
4. Using data that are represented as tables
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1:
A relational database is designed for using data that are represented as tables. A data
warehouse is a repository for storing data from several different databases so that it can be
combined and manipulated to provide answers to complex analytic questions. Several levels
of personnel are involved in data management and the database administrator (DBA) is
specifically responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database.
Rationale 2:
A relational database is designed for using data that are represented as tables. A data
warehouse is a repository for storing data from several different databases so that it can be
combined and manipulated to provide answers to complex analytic questions. Several levels
of personnel are involved in data management and the DBA is specifically responsible for
overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database.
Rationale 3:
A relational database is designed for using data that are represented as tables. A data
warehouse is a repository for storing data from several different databases so that it can be
combined and manipulated to provide answers to complex analytic questions. Several levels

of personnel are involved in data management and the database administrator (DBA) is
specifically responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database.
Rationale 4:
A relational database is designed for using data that are represented as tables. A data
warehouse is a repository for storing data from several different databases so that it can be
combined and manipulated to provide answers to complex analytic questions. Several levels
of personnel are involved in data management and the database administrator (DBA) is
specifically responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database.
Question 12
The rate of suspected adverse drug reaction (ADR) among clients in the maternity unit is
climbing. The nurse manager is aware that a World Health Organization (WHO) ADR
database analyzes millions of suspected ADR reports in order to uncover new adverse effects.
This WHO tracking is an example of which of the following?
1. Data scrubbing
2. Data mining
3. Knowledge discovery
4. Electronic data interchange
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
Knowledge discovery is defined as "the non-trivial extraction of implicit, unknown, and
potentially useful information from data." Data mining is a technique that uses software to
look for hidden patterns and relationships in large groups of data. Data cleansing or scrubbing
is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to ensure that it is accurate
enough for use in data mining and warehousing. Electronic data interchange streamlines the
flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another.
Rationale 2:
Knowledge discovery is defined as "the non-trivial extraction of implicit, unknown, and
potentially useful information from data." Data mining is a technique that uses software to
look for hidden patterns and relationships in large groups of data. Data cleansing or scrubbing

is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to ensure that it is accurate
enough for use in data mining and warehousing. Electronic data interchange streamlines the
flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another.
Rationale 3:
Knowledge discovery is defined as "the non-trivial extraction of implicit, unknown, and
potentially useful information from data." Data mining is a technique that uses software to
look for hidden patterns and relationships in large groups of data. Data cleansing or scrubbing
is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to ensure that it is accurate
enough for use in data mining and warehousing. Electronic data interchange streamlines the
flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another.
Rationale 4:
Knowledge discovery is defined as "the non-trivial extraction of implicit, unknown, and
potentially useful information from data." Data mining is a technique that uses software to
look for hidden patterns and relationships in large groups of data. Data cleansing or scrubbing
is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to ensure that it is accurate
enough for use in data mining and warehousing. Electronic data interchange streamlines the
flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another.
Question 13
Which of the following will have the greatest impact on data integrity?
1. The computer system goes down but is completely restored within one minute.
2. A nurse collects data related to allergies but fails to document all reported allergies.
3. A clinic manager uses secondary storage for storing clinical records offline.
4. A number of printed media clinical records are discarded in the regular trash dumpster.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1:
Data integrity refers to the ability to collect, store, and retrieve correct, complete, and current
data so that it will be available to authorized users when needed. If the data are faulty or
incomplete, the quality of derived information may be poor, resulting in decisions that may

be inappropriate and possibly harmful to clients. A one minute computer outage would
disrupt operations but would not necessarily impact data integrity.
Rationale 2:
Data integrity refers to the ability to collect, store, and retrieve correct, complete, and current
data so that it will be available to authorized users when needed. If the data are faulty or
incomplete, the quality of derived information may be poor, resulting in decisions that may
be inappropriate and possibly harmful to clients.
Rationale 3:
Data integrity refers to the ability to collect, store, and retrieve correct, complete, and current
data so that it will be available to authorized users when needed. If the data are faulty or
incomplete, the quality of derived information may be poor, resulting in decisions that may
be inappropriate and possibly harmful to clients. Offline storage is used for data that are
needed less frequently, or for long-term data storage, as may occur with old client records.
Immediacy of need for particular data is a key factor in determining whether it is stored
online or offline.
Rationale 4:
Data integrity refers to the ability to collect, store, and retrieve correct, complete, and current
data so that it will be available to authorized users when needed. If the data are faulty or
incomplete, the quality of derived information may be poor, resulting in decisions that may
be inappropriate and possibly harmful to clients. Dumping documents in the trash could
breach patient confidentiality but would not necessarily impact data integrity.
Question 14
Which of the following statements is not part of the data storage process?
1. Environmental control and conditions maximize the shelf life for media
2. Data storage on magnetic tape is a long-term solution to data storage
3. A contingency plan is developed to prevent the loss of data
4. The state dictates the length of time client records are stored
Correct Answer: 2

Rationale 1:
Data stored on magnetic tape may degrade after 1 to 50 years, depending on storage
conditions. If the organization intends to retain records indefinitely, the data must be
transferred to other media.
Rationale 2:
Data stored on magnetic tape may degrade after 1 to 50 years, depending on storage
conditions. If the organization intends to retain records indefinitely, the data must be
transferred to other media.
Rationale 3:
Magnetic tape can degrade after years of use and is not a long term solution to data storage.
Rationale 4:
The state’s mandate does not impact the storage process.
Question 15
All members of the nurse manager's staff have attended classes that emphasized appropriate
system access, input device use, potential harmful effects associated with incorrect data, data
verification techniques, and error correction. They received a certificate indicating
proficiency in the use of the input device and computer systems. These staff members will
not require additional training unless the technology changes significantly. Which of the
following suggests that this statement is false?
1. Continuing education is only necessary with significant changes.
2. Continuing education should be consistent.
3. Continuing education should be performed when time permits.
4. Continuing education is essential for point-of-care staff only.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1:
Even after staff members display competence, continuing education should occur on a routine
basis and as indicated by problems such as increases in data errors.

Rationale 2:
Even after staff members display competence, continuing education should occur on a routine
basis and as indicated by problems such as increases in data errors.
Rationale 3:
Even after staff members display competence, continuing education should occur on a routine
basis and as indicated by problems such as increases in data errors.
Rationale 4:
Even after staff members display competence, continuing education should occur on a routine
basis and as indicated by problems such as increases in data errors.
Question 16
The night shift charge nurse is being promoted to the position of mental health unit nurse
manager. The supervisor would contact the database administrator (DBA) to allow the nurse
manager access to needed data required for this new position. Which of the following
suggests this is a correct statement?
1. The DBA is responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database.
2. The database administrator has no authority over the management of data input.
3. The mental health manager should not have access to the database.
4. The mental health manager does not have to communicate with the database manager and
ask for permission for access.
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
The DBA is responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database and
optimizing its use.
Rationale 2:
The DBA is responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database and
optimizing its use.
Rationale 3:

The DBA is responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database and
optimizing its use.
Rationale 4:
The DBA is responsible for overseeing all activities related to maintaining the database and
optimizing its use.
Question 17
No agreement exists among health care groups in the United States regarding a common
electronic data interchange (EDI) standard. This statement is true because of which of the
following?
1. Experts have not yet finished the discussion phase leading to an agreement.
2. There is an agreement among health care groups because there is no need for a common
EDI.
3. Agreements are part of the national health care reform initiative.
4. Health groups have isolated databases while working toward unification.
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
EDI streamlines the flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another. EDI is
the communication of data in binary code from one computer to another. As the number of
automated client record systems increases, so does the need to establish standard record
structure and identifiers for individual data items to facilitate data exchange. Presently, no
agreement exists among health care groups in the United States regarding a common EDI
standard.
Rationale 2:
EDI streamlines the flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another. EDI is
the communication of data in binary code from one computer to another. As the number of
automated client record systems increases, so does the need to establish standard record
structure and identifiers for individual data items to facilitate data exchange. Presently, no
agreement exists among health care groups in the United States regarding a common EDI
standard.

Rationale 3:
EDI streamlines the flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another. EDI is
the communication of data in binary code from one computer to another. As the number of
automated client record systems increases, so does the need to establish standard record
structure and identifiers for individual data items to facilitate data exchange. Presently, no
agreement exists among health care groups in the United States regarding a common EDI
standard.
Rationale 4:
EDI streamlines the flow of clinical and financial data from one location to another. EDI is
the communication of data in binary code from one computer to another. As the number of
automated client record systems increases, so does the need to establish standard record
structure and identifiers for individual data items to facilitate data exchange. Presently, no
agreement exists among health care groups in the United States regarding a common EDI
standard.
Question 18
Data integrity is crucial to the success of professional nursing practice. Which of the
following phrases identifies its relevance to quality care?
1. Data integrity provides a systematic approach to the care of the patient.
2. The use of authentic data ensures mistakes are avoided.
3. All data entered into the system are accurate.
4. Data integrity is a driving force in treatment decision making.
Correct Answer: 4
Rationale 1:
Data, itself, does not provide an approach to patient care, but guides the nurse and health care
team in decision making.
Rationale 2:
Data can assist in the prevention of medical errors, but it is the role of the nurse to analyze the
accuracy and integrity of the data.

Rationale 3:
The person inputting the data can make a mistake. The health care team needs to analyze
presented data and use critical thinking skills to ascertain its relevance and accuracy.
Rationale 4:
Authentic data are essential in ensuring successful patient care outcomes.
Question 19
The best teaching method to assure nurses are competent with laptops and handheld devices
is which of the following?
1. A class based on relevant learning objectives with student demonstration of competence.
2. Point-of-care orientation
3. Online orientation
4. Written directions found in a central location
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
Staff development educators are aware of the importance of staff competency with computers
to assure accurate input and data retrieval. By abiding by measurable objectives, educators
can evaluate the success of the educational process. Staff development needs to be an
ongoing process.
Rationale 2:
A point-of-care orientation is useful after the nurse has undergone a prepared class on the
subject. There should be a preceptor of staff member available at all times to demonstrate or
answer questions as they arise from staff members.
Rationale 3:
An online self-study module can supplement an actual class and demonstration but should not
be used as the only form of education.
Rationale 4:

It is important to have written directions on how to use the available technology, yet the most
effective method of orientation is a classroom setting with faculty who understand and use
the technology with ease.
Question 20
_______________________________ is the process of controlling the collection, storage,
retrieval, and use of data to optimize accuracy and utility while safeguarding integrity.
Correct Answer: Data management.
Rationale:
Data management is defined as the process of controlling the collection, storage, retrieval,
and use of data to optimize accuracy and utility while safeguarding integrity.
Question 21
Technology committee members debate the merits of online versus offline storage. Which
response is the most accurate when describing data storage?
1. Online storage is a slower retrieval system.
2. Offline storage provides access to current data.
3. Offline storage is used for data that are needed less frequently.
4. Online storage provides limited access to current data.
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
Online storage systems are faster using high-speed hard disk drives.
Rationale 2:
Online storage provides access to current data.
Rationale 3:
Offline storage is used for data that are needed less frequently, or for long-term data storage,
as may occur with old client records. Offline storage can be done on any secondary storage
device. Access to data stored offline is slower than with online storage. Immediacy of need
for particular data is a key factor in determining whether it is stored online or offline.

Rationale 4:
Online storage provides access to current data.
Question 22
Data retrieval most commonly occurs as a function of a ________________________ in
conjunction with secondary storage media
Correct Answer: Software application.
Rationale:
Data retrieval most commonly occurs as a function of a software application in conjunction
with secondary storage media
Question 23
Which of the following terms is a knowledge management tool that engages software to
uncover inter-relationships within large data-sets?
1. Data mining
2. Knowledge discovery
3. Data destruction
4. Data cleansing
Correct Answer: 1
Rationale 1:
Data mining is a knowledge management tool that engages software to uncover interrelationships within large data-sets and naturally leads to the knowledge discovery in
databases paradigm.
Rationale 2:
Knowledge discovery can be defined as the development of skills, understandings, and
integrative abilities derived from data. Data mining provides trended patterns that can then be
transformed into useful data (Bonchi & Ferrari, 2010).
Rationale 3:

Data destruction may be achieved through physical and software destruction.
Rationale 4:
Data cleansing or scrubbing is a procedure that uses software to improve the quality of data to
ensure that it is accurate enough for use in data mining and warehousing.
Question 24
Knowledge discovery in databases offers the health care team trended patterns that can be
transformed into useful data. Which nursing role can best benefit from knowledge discovery
as it pertains to evidence-based practice?
1. The nurse as administrator
2. The nurse as educator
3. The nurse as researcher
4. The nurse at point of care
Correct Answer: 3
Rationale 1:
The nurse as administrator can utilize the data retrieved from data mining and knowledge
discovery to define trends.
Rationale 2:
The nurse as educator has a role in the staff development and providing guidance in the use
of technology.
Rationale 3:
The nurse as researcher can extrapolate data from the source and link relationships and
patterns. Data can further be used to identify trends associated with evidence-based practice
and best practice models.
Rationale 4:
The nurse at point of care has the ability to incorporate evidence-based models to improve the
quality of care.
Question 25

Which of the following statements is true about knowledge discovery and the role of the
nurse?
1. Point-of-care nurses do not have the education to translate knowledge into best practice
models.
2. Nurses have the ability to translate knowledge into improved practice patterns.
3. Nurses cannot act upon data unless in collaboration with other health care professionals.
4. Attending physicians rather than nurses are in the best position to deliver high-quality and
cost-effective care that is dependent upon their ability to translate knowledge (evidence) into
practice.
Correct Answer: 2
Rationale 1:
Clinical repositories are now available for research and utilization purposes. Point-of-care
nurses are excellent candidates to analyze data in repositories and create best practice models
to improve care.
Rationale 2:
The potential to discern patterns and relationships within those databases that would
contribute to new knowledge was recognized some time ago but efforts were hampered by
the paucity of methods to discover useful information until recently. Currently there are new
tools to assist with the discovery and analysis of data.
Rationale 3:
Clinical databases hold huge amounts of information about patients and their medical
conditions. The amount of data housed in contemporary hospital systems offer the health care
team a plethora of information for decision making and the trending of patterns. Nurses have
the ability to create models based on collected data. Collaboration with other disciplines can
enhance the process but is not necessary when focusing on nursing care.
Rationale 4:
Nurses are in the best position to deliver high-quality and cost-effective care that is dependent
upon their ability to translate knowledge (evidence) into practice.

Test Bank for Handbook of Informatics for Nurses and Healthcare Professionals
Toni Lee Hebda, Patricia Czar, Theresa Calderone
9780132574952, 9780132959544, 9780134711010, 9780131512627, 9780130311023, 9780805373264, 9780135205433, 9780135043943

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