## Preview Extract

Chapter 7 Risk Management for Changing Interest Rates: Asset-Liability Management and Duration Techniques Fill in the Blank Questions 1. The _________ view of assets and liabilities held that the amount and types of deposits was primarily determined by customers and hence the key decision a bank needed to make was with the assets. Answer: asset management 2. Recent decades have ushered in dramatic changes in banking. The goal of _________ was simply to gain control of the bank's sources of funds. Answer: liability management 3. The _________ is the interest rate that equalizes the current market price of a bond with the present value of the future cash flows. Answer: yield to maturity (YTM) 4. The _________ risk premium on a bond allows the investor to be compensated for their projected loss in purchasing power from the increase in the prices of goods and services in the future. Answer: inflation 5. The _________ shows the relationship between the time to maturity and the yield to maturity of a bond. It is usually constructed using treasury securities since they are assumed to have no default risk. Answer: yield curve 6. The _________ risk premium on a bond reflects the differences in the ease and ability to sell the bond in the secondary market at a favorable price. Answer: liquidity 7. _________ are those assets which mature or must be repriced within the planning period. Answer: Interest-sensitive assets 8. _________ is the difference between interest-sensitive assets and interest-sensitive liabilities. Answer: Dollar interest-sensitive gap 9. A(n) _________ means that the bank has more interest-sensitive liabilities than interest-sensitive assets. Answer: negative interest-sensitive gap (liability sensitive) 10. The bank's _________ takes into account the idea that the speed (sensitivity) of interest rate changes will differ for different types of assets and liabilities. Answer: weighted interest-sensitive gap 11. _________ is the coordinated management of both the bank's assets and its liabilities. Answer: Funds management 12. _________ is the risk due to changes in market interest rates which can adversely affect the bank's net interest margin, assets and equity. Answer: Interest rate risk 13. The _________ is the rate of return on a financial instrument using a 360 day year relative to the instrument's face value. Answer: bank discount rate 14. The _________ component of interest rates is the risk premium due to the probability that the borrower will miss some payments or will not repay the loan. Answer: default risk premium 15. _________ is the weighted average maturity for a stream of future cash flows. It is a direct measure of price risk. Answer: Duration 16. _________ is the difference between the dollar-weighted duration of the asset portfolio and the dollar-weighted duration of the liability portfolio. Answer: Duration gap 17. A(n) _________ duration gap means that for a parallel increase in all interest rates the market value of net worth will tend to decline. Answer: positive 18. A(n) _________ duration gap means that for a parallel increase in all interest rates the market value of net worth will tend to increase. Answer: negative 19. The _________ refers to the periodic fluctuations in the scale of economic activity. Answer: business cycle 20. The _________ is equal to the duration of each individual type of asset weighted by the dollar amount of each type of asset out of the total dollar amount of assets. Answer: duration of the asset portfolio 21. The _________ is equal to the duration of each individual type of liability weighted by the dollar amount of each type of asset out of the total dollar amount of assets. Answer: duration of the liability portfolio 22. A bank is _________ against changes in its net worth if its duration gap is equal to zero. Answer: immunized (insulated or protected) 23. The relationship between a change in an asset's price and an asset’s change in the yield or interest rate is captured by _________. Answer: convexity 24. The change in a financial institution's _________ is equal to difference in the duration of the assets and liabilities times the change in the interest rate divided by the starting interest rate times the dollar amount of the assets and liabilities. Answer: net worth 25. When a bank has a positive duration gap a parallel increase in the interest rates on the assets and liabilities of the bank will lead to a(n) _________ in the bank's net worth. Answer: decrease 26. When a bank has a negative duration gap a parallel decrease in the interest rates on the assets and liabilities of the bank will lead to a(n) _________ in the bank's net worth. Answer: decrease 27. U.S. banks tend to do better when the yield curve is upward-sloping because they tend to have _________ maturity gap positions. Answer: positive 28. One government-created giant mortgage banking firms which have subsequently been privatized is the _________. Answer: FNMA or Fannie Mae (or FHLMC or Freddie Mac) 29. One part of interest rate risk is _________. This part of interest rate risk reflects that as interest rates rise, prices of securities tend to fall. Answer: price risk 30. One part of interest rate risk is _________. This part of interest rate risk reflects that as interest rates fall, any cash flows that are received before maturity are invested at a lower interest rate. Answer: reinvestment risk 31. When a borrower has the right to pay off a loan early which reduced the lender’s expected rate of return it is called _________. Answer: call risk 32. In recent decades, banks have aggressively sought to insulate their assets and liability portfolios and profits from the ravages if interest rate changes. Many banks now conduct their asset-liability management strategy with the help of an _________ which often meets daily. Answer: asset-liability committee 33. _________ is interest income from loans and investments less interest expenses on deposits and borrowed funds divided by total earning assets. Answer: Net interest margin (NIM) 34. _________ are those liabilities that which mature or must be repriced within the planning period. Answer: Interest-sensitive liabilities 35. Variable rate loans and securities are included as part of _________ for banks. Answer: reprice able assets 36. Money market deposits are included as part of _________ for banks. Answer: reprice able liabilities 37. Interest sensitive assets less interest sensitive liabilities divided by total assets of the bank is known as _________. Answer: relative interest sensitive gap 38. Interest sensitive assets divided by interest sensitive liabilities is known as _________. Answer: Interest sensitivity ratio 39. _________ is a measure of interest rate exposure which is the total difference in dollars between those assets and liabilities that can be repriced over a designated time period. Answer: Cumulative gap 40. _________ is the phenomenon that interest rates attached to various assets often change by different amounts and at different speeds than interest rates attached to various liabilities, Answer: basis risk True/False Questions 41. Usually the principal goal of asset-liability management is to maximize or at least stabilize a bank's margin or spread. Answer: True 42. Asset management strategy in banking assumes that the amount and kinds of deposits and other borrowed funds a bank attracts are determined largely by its management. Answer: False 43. The ultimate goal of liability management is to gain control over a financial institution's sources of funds. Answer: True 44. If interest rates fall when a bank is in an asset-sensitive position its net interest margin will rise. Answer: False 45. A liability-sensitive bank will experience an increase in its net interest margin if interest rates rise. Answer: False 46. Under the so-called liability management view in banking the key control lever banks possess over the volume and mix of their liabilities is price. Answer: True 47. Under the so-called funds management view bank management's control over assets must be coordinated with its control over liabilities so that asset and liability management are internally consistent. Answer: True 48. Bankers cannot determine the level or trend of market interest rates; instead, they can only react to the level and trend of rates. Answer: True 49. Short-term interest rates tend to rise more slowly than long-term interest rates and to fall more slowly when all interest rates in the market are headed down. Answer: False 50. A financial institution is liability sensitive if its interest-sensitive liabilities are less than its interest-sensitive assets. Answer: False 51. If a bank's interest-sensitive assets and liabilities are equal than its interest revenues from assets and funding costs from liabilities will change at the same rate. Answer: True 52. Banks with a positive cumulative interest-sensitive gap will benefit if interest rates rise, but lose income if interest rates decline. Answer: True 53. Banks with a negative cumulative interest-sensitive gap will benefit if interest rates rise, but lose income if interest rates decline. Answer: False 54. For most banks interest rates paid on liabilities tend to move more slowly than interest rates earned on assets. Answer: False 55. Interest-sensitive gap techniques do not consider the impact of changing interest rates on stockholders equity. Answer: True 56. Interest-sensitive gap, relative interest-sensitive gap and the interest-sensitivity ratio will often reach different conclusions as to whether the bank is asset or liability sensitive. Answer: False 57. The yield curve is constructed using corporate bonds with different default risks so the bank can determine the risk/return trade-off for default risk. Answer: False 58. Financial securities that are the same in all other ways may have differences in interest rates that reflect the differences in the ease of selling the security in the secondary market at a favorable price. Answer: True 59. Financial institutions face two major kinds of interest rate risk. These risks include price risk and reinvestment risk. Answer: True 60. Interest-sensitive gap and weighted interest-sensitive gap will always reach the same conclusion as to whether a bank is asset sensitive or liability sensitive. Answer: False 61. Weighted interest-sensitive gap is less accurate than interest-sensitive gap in determining the effect of changes in interest rates on net interest margin. Answer: False 62. A bank with a positive duration gap experiencing a rise in interest rates will experience an increase in its net worth. Answer: False 63. A bank with a negative duration gap experiencing a rise in interest rates will experience an increase in its net worth. Answer: True 64. Duration is a direct measure of the reinvestment risk of a bond. Answer: False 65. A bank with a positive duration gap experiencing a decrease in interest rates will experience an increase in its net worth. Answer: True 66. A bank with a negative duration gap experiencing a decrease in interest rates will experience an increase in its net worth. Answer: False 67. Duration is the weighted average maturity of a promised stream of future cash flows. Answer: True 68. Duration is a direct measure of the price risk of a bond. Answer: True 69. A bond with a greater duration will have a smaller price change in percentage terms when interest rates change. Answer: False 70. Long-term interest rates tend to change very little with the cycle of economic activity. Answer: True 71. A bank with a duration gap of zero is immunized against changes in the value of net worth due to changes in interest rates in the market. Answer: True 72. Convexity is the idea that the rate of change of an asset's price varies with the level of interest rates. Answer: True 73. The change in the market price of an asset's price from a change in market interest rates is roughly equal to the asset's duration times the change the interest rate divided by the original interest rate. Answer: True 74. U.S. banks tend to do better when the yield curve is upward-sloping. Answer: True 75. Net interest margin tends to rise for U.S. banks when the yield curve is upward-sloping. Answer: True 76. Financial institutions laden with home mortgages tend be immune to interest-rate risk. Answer: False 77. If a Financial Institution's net interest margin is immune to interest-rate risk then so is its net worth. Answer: False Multiple Choice Questions 78. When is interest rate risk for a bank greatest? A) When interest rates are volatile. B) When interest rates are stable. C) When inflation is high. D) When inflation is low. E) When loan defaults are high. Answer: A 79. A bank’s IS GAP is defined as: A) The dollar amount of rate-sensitive assets divided by the dollar amount of rate-sensitive liabilities. B) The dollar amount of earning assets divided by the dollar amount of total liabilities. C) The dollar amount of rate-sensitive assets minus the dollar amount of rate-sensitive liabilities. D) The dollar amount of rate-sensitive liabilities minus the dollar amount of rate-sensitive assets. E) The dollar amount of earning assets times the average liability interest rate. Answer: C 80. According to the textbook, the maturing of the liability management techniques, coupled with more volatile interest rates, gave birth to the _________ approach which dominates banking today. The term that correctly fills in the blank in the preceding sentence is: A) Liability management B) Asset management C) Risk management D) Funds management E) None of the above. Answer: D 81. The principal goal of interest-rate hedging strategy is to hold fixed a bank's: A) Net interest margin B) Net income before taxes C) Value of loans and securities D) Noninterest spread E) None of the above. Answer: A 82. A bank is asset sensitive if its: A) Loans and securities are affected by changes in interest rates. B) Interest-sensitive assets exceed its interest-sensitive liabilities. C) Interest-sensitive liabilities exceed its interest-sensitive assets. D) Deposits and borrowings are affected by changes in interest rates. E) None of the above. Answer: B 83. The change in a bank's net income that occurs due to changes in interest rates equals the overall change in market interest rates (in percentage points) times _________. The choice below that correctly fills in the blank in the preceding sentence is: A) Volume of interest-sensitive assets B) Price risk of the bank's assets C) Price risk of the bank's liabilities D) Size of the bank's cumulative gap E) None of the above. Answer: D 84. A bank with a negative interest-sensitive GAP: A) Has a greater dollar volume of interest-sensitive liabilities than interest-sensitive assets. B) Will generate a higher interest margin if interest rates rise. C) Will generate a higher interest margin if interest rates fall. D) A and B. E) A and C. Answer: E 85. The net interest margin of a bank is influenced by: A) Changes in the level of interest rates. B) Changes in the volume of interest-bearing assets and interest-bearing liabilities. C) Changes in the mix of assets and liabilities in the bank's portfolio. D) All of the above. E) A and B only. Answer: D 86. The discount rate that equalizes the current market value of a loan or security with the expected stream of future income payments from that loan or security is known as the: A) Bank discount rate B) Yield to maturity C) Annual percentage rate (APR) D) Add-on interest rate E) None of the above. Answer: B 87. The interest-rate measure often quoted on short-term loans and money market securities such as U.S. Treasury bills is the: A) Bank discount rate B) Yield to maturity C) Annual percentage rate (APR) D) Add-on interest rate E) None of the above Answer: A 88. A bank whose interest-sensitive assets total $350 million and its interest-sensitive liabilities amount to $175 million has: A) An asset-sensitive gap of 525 million B) A liability-sensitive gap of $175 million C) An asset-sensitive gap of $175 million D) A liability-sensitive gap of $350 million E) None of the above. Answer: C 89. A bank has a 1-year $1,000,000 loan outstanding, payable in four equal quarterly installments. What dollar amount of the loan would be considered rate sensitive in the 0 – 90 day bucket? A) $0 B) $250,000 C) $500,000 D) $750,000 E) $1,000,000 Answer: B 90. A bank has Federal funds totaling $25 million with an interest rate sensitivity weight of 1.0. This bank also has loans of $105 million and investments of $65 million with interest rate sensitivity weights of 1.40 and 1.15 respectively. This bank also has $135 million in interest-bearing deposits with an interest rate sensitivity weight of .90 and other money market borrowings of $75 million with an interest rate sensitivity weight of 1.0. What is the weighted interest-sensitive gap for this bank? A) $50.25 B) $-15 C) -$50.25 D) $34.25 E) None of the above Answer: A 91. A bond has a face value of $1000 and five years to maturity. This bond has a coupon rate of 13 percent and is selling in the market today for $902. Coupon payments are made annually on this bond. What is the yield to maturity (YTM) for this bond? A) 13% B) 12.75% C) 16% D) 11.45% E) Cannot be calculated from the information given Answer: C 92. A treasury bill currently sells for $9,845, has a face value of $10,000 and has 46 days to maturity. What is the bank discount rate on this security? A) 12.49% B) 12.13% C) 12.30% D) 2% E) None of the above Answer: B 93. The __________ is determined by the demand and supply for loanable funds in the market. The term that correctly fills in the blank in the preceding sentence is: A) The yield to maturity B) The banker's discount rate C) The holding period return D) The risk-free real rate of interest E) The market rate of interest on a risky loan Answer: D 94. A bank with a positive interest-sensitive gap will have a decrease in net interest income when interest rates in the market: A) Rise B) Fall C) Stay the same D) A bank with a positive interest-sensitive gap will never have a decrease in net interest income Answer: B 95. The fact that a consumer who purchases a particular basket of goods for $100 today has to pay $105 next year for the same basket of goods is an example of which of the following risks: A) Inflation risk B) Default risk C) Liquidity risk D) Price risk E) Maturity risk Answer: A 96. A bank has Federal Funds totaling $25 million with an interest rate sensitivity weight of 1.0. This bank also has loans of $105 million and investments of $65 million with interest rate sensitivity weights of 1.40 and 1.15 respectively. This bank also has $135 million in interest-bearing deposits with an interest rate sensitivity weight of .90 and other money market borrowings of $75 million with an interest rate sensitivity weight of 1.0. What is the dollar interest-sensitive gap for this bank? A) $50.25 B) $-15 C) -$50.25 D) $34.25 E) None of the above Answer: B 97. If a bank has a positive GAP, an increase in interest rates will cause interest income to __________, interest expense to __________, and net interest income to __________. A) Increase, increase, increase B) Increase, decrease, increase C) Increase, increase, decrease D) Decrease, decrease, decrease E) Decrease, increase, increase Answer: A 98. If a bank has a negative GAP, a decrease in interest rates will cause interest income to __________, interest expense to __________, and net interest income to __________. A) Increase, increase, increase B) Increase, decrease, increase C) Increase, increase, decrease D) Decrease, decrease, decrease E) Decrease, decrease, increase Answer: E 99. A treasury bill currently sells for $9,845, has a face value of $10,000 and has 46 days to maturity. What is the yield to maturity on this security? A) 12.49% B) 12.13% C) 12.30% D) 2% E) None of the above Answer: A 100. The Third National Bank of Edmond reports a net interest margin of 5.83%. It has total interest revenues of $275 million and total interest expenses of $210 million. What does this bank's earnings assets have to be? A) $4717 million B) $3602 million C) $1115 million D) $3.790 million E) None of the above Answer: C 101. The Third National Bank of Edmond reports a net interest margin of 5.83%. It has total interest revenues of $275 million and total interest expenses of $210 million. This bank has earnings assets of $1115. Suppose this bank's interest revenues rise by 8 percent and its interest expenses and earnings assets rise by 10 percent next year. What is this bank's new net interest margin? A) 5.83% B) 7.09% C) 3.59% D) 5.38% E) 7.80% Answer: D 102. Which of the following is part of funds management? A) The goal of funds management is simply to gain control over the bank's funds sources. B) Since the amount of deposits a bank holds is determined largely by its customers, the focus of the bank should be on managing the assets of the bank. C) Management of the bank's assets must be coordinated with management of the bank's liabilities. D) The spread between interest revenues and interest expenses is unimportant. E) None of the above Answer: C 103. If Fifth National Bank's asset duration exceeds its liability duration and interest rates rise, this will tend to _________ the market value of the bank's net worth. A) Lower B) Raise C) Stabilize D) Not affect E) None of the above Answer: A 104. If Main Street Bank has $100 million in commercial loans with an average duration of 0.40 years; $40 million in consumer loans with an average duration of 1.75 years; and $30 million in U.S. Treasury bonds with an average duration of 6 years, what is Main Street's asset portfolio duration? A) 0.4 years B) 1.7 years C) 2.7 years D) 4.1 years E) None of the above Answer: B 105. A bank has an average asset duration of 4.7 years and an average liability duration of 3.3 years. This bank has $750 million in total assets and $500 million in total liabilities. This bank has: A) A positive duration gap of 8.0 years. B) A negative duration gap of 2.5 years. C) A positive duration gap of 1.4 years. D) A positive duration gap of 2.5 years. E) None of the above. Answer: D 106. A bank has an average asset duration of 1.15 years and an average liability duration of 2.70 years. This bank has $250 million in total assets and $225 million in total liabilities. This bank has: A) A negative duration gap of 1.55 years. B) A positive duration gap of 1.28 years. C) A negative duration gap of 3.85 years. D) A negative duration gap of 1.28 years. E) None of the above. Answer: D 107. The duration of a bond is the weighted average maturity of the future cash flows expected to be received on a bond. Which of the following is a true statement concerning duration? A) The longer the time to maturity, the greater the duration B) The higher the coupon rate, the higher the duration C) The shorter the duration, the greater the price volatility D) All of the above are true E) None of the above are true Answer: A 108. A bond has a duration of 7.5 years. Its current market price is $1125. Interest rates in the market are 7% today. It has been forecasted that interest rates will rise to 9% over the next couple of weeks. How will this bank's price change in percentage terms? A) This bond's price will rise by 2 percent. B) This bond's price will fall by 2 percent. C) This bond's price will fall by 14 .02 percent D) This bond's price will rise by 14.02 percent E) This bond's price will not change Answer: C 109. A bank has an average asset duration of 5 years and an average liability duration of 3 years. This bank has total assets of $500 million and total liabilities of $250 million. Currently, market interest rates are 10 percent. If interest rates fall by 2 percent (to 8 percent), what is this bank's change in net worth? A) Net worth will decrease by $31.81 million B) Net worth will increase by $31.81 million C) Net worth will increase by $27.27 million D) Net worth will decrease by $27.27 million E) Net worth will not change at all Answer: B 110. A bank has an average asset duration of 5 years and an average liability duration of 3 years. This bank has total assets of $500 million and total liabilities of $250 million. Currently, market interest rates are 10 percent. If interest rates fall by 2 percent (to 8 percent), what is this bank's duration gap? A) 2 years B) –2 years C) 3.5 years D) –3.5 years E) None of the above Answer: C 111. A bank has an average asset duration of 5 years and an average liability duration of 9 years. This bank has total assets of $1000 million and total liabilities of $850 million. Currently, market interest rates are 5 percent. If interest rates rise by 2 percent (to 7 percent), what is this bank's change in net worth? A) Net worth will decrease by $50.47 million B) Net worth will increase by $50.47 million C) Net worth will decrease by $240.95 million D) Net worth will increase by $240.95 million E) Net worth will not change at all Answer: B 112. A bank has an average asset duration of 5 years and an average liability duration of 9 years. This bank has total assets of $1000 million and total liabilities of $850 million. Currently, market interest rates are 5 percent. If interest rates rise by 2 percent (to 7 percent), what is this bank's duration gap? A) –4 years B) 4 years C) 2.65 years D) –2.65 years E) 12.65 years Answer: D 113. A bank has $100 million of investment grade bonds with a duration of 9.0 years. This bank also has $500 million of commercial loans with a duration of 5.0 years. This bank has $300 million of consumer loans with a duration of 2.0 years. This bank has deposits of $600 million with a duration of 1.0 years and no deposit borrowings of $100 million with an average duration of .25 years. What is this bank's duration gap? These are all of the assets and liabilities this bank has. A) This bank has a duration gap of 14.75 years B) This bank has a duration gap of 15.03 years C) This bank has a duration gap of 3.55 years D) This bank has a duration gap of 3.75 years E) This bank has a duration gap of 5.15 years Answer: D 114. Which of the following statements is true concerning a bank's duration gap? A) If a bank has a positive duration gap and interest rates rise, the bank's net worth will decline B) A bank with a positive duration gap has a longer average duration for its assets than for its liabilities C) If a bank has a zero duration gap and interest rates rise, the bank's net worth will not change D) If a bank has a negative duration gap and interest rates rise, the bank's net worth will increase E) All of the above are true statements Answer: E 115. A bank has an average duration for its asset portfolio of 5.5 years. This bank has total assets of $1000 million and total liabilities of $750 million. If this bank has a zero duration gap, what must the duration of its liabilities portfolio be? A) 7.33 years B) 4.125 years C) 7.5 years D) 5.5 years E) None of the above Answer: A 116. A bond has a face value of $1000 and coupon payments of $80 annually. This bond matures in three years and is selling for $1000 in the market. Market interest rates are 8%. What is this bond's duration? A) 3 years B) 2.78 years C) 1.95 years D) 4.31 years E) None of the above Answer: B 117. A bond has a face value of $1000 and coupon payments of $120 annually. This bond matures in three years and is selling in the market for $1160. Market interest rates are 6%. What is this bond's duration? A) 3 years B) 5.71 years C) 1.96 years D) 2.71 years E) None of the above Answer: D 118. A bond is selling in the market for $950 and has a duration of 6 years. Market interest rates are 9% and are expected to decrease to 7% in the near future. What will this bond's price be after the change in market interest rates? A) $969 B) $931 C) $1055 D) $854 E) $950 Answer: C 119. A bond is selling in the market for $1100 and has a duration of 4.5 years. Market interest rates are 5% and are expected to increase to 7% in the near future. What will this bond's price be after the change in market interest rates? A) $1006 B) $1194 C) $1122 D) $1078 E) $1100 Answer: A 120. Which of the following is a true statement? A) The longer the time to maturity of a security the smaller the duration B) The lower the coupon rate of a security the smaller the duration C) For a given duration and change in interest rates, the change in the price of the security will be larger for a lower starting level of interest rates D) The duration of a security remains constant no matter the level of market interest rates E) All of the above are true statements Answer: C 121. The fact that the rate of change in an asset's price varies with the level of interest rates is known as: A) Duration B) Convexity C) Maturity D) Yield E) None of the above Answer: B 122. U.S. banks tend to fare best when the yield curve is: A) Flat B) Downward-sloping C) Vertical D) Upward-sloping E) Kinked Answer: D 123. Carolina National Bank knows that the interest rate on its loans change faster and by a larger amount than the interest rate on its deposits. What type of risk is this an example of? A) Default risk B) Inflation risk C) Liquidity risk D) Call risk E) Basis risk Answer: E 124. Havoc State Bank has a loan that it fears will not be repaid because the company is going into bankruptcy. What type of risk would this be an example of? A) Default risk B) Inflation risk C) Liquidity risk D) Call risk E) Basis risk Answer: A 125. The Carter National Bank is worried because it knows that the municipal bonds it has in its bond portfolio can be difficult to sell quickly. What type of risk would this be an example of? A) Default risk B) Inflation risk C) Liquidity risk D) Call risk E) Basis risk Answer: C 126. The Jackson State Bank is worried because many of the loans it has made are home mortgages which can be paid off early by the homeowner. What type of risk would this be an example of? A) Default risk B) Inflation risk C) Liquidity risk D) Call risk E) Basis risk Answer: D 127. A bank is liability sensitive if its: A) Deposits and no deposit borrowings are affected by changes in interest rates B) Interest-sensitive assets exceed interest-sensitive liabilities C) Interest-sensitive liabilities exceed its interest-sensitive assets D) Loans and securities are affected by changes in interest rates E) None of the above Answer: C 128. Which of the following would be an example of a reprice able asset? A) Money the bank has borrowed from the money market B) Cash in the vault C) Demand deposits that do not pay interest D) Short term securities issued by the government about to mature owned by the bank E) All of the above are examples of reprice able assets Answer: D 129. Which of the following would be an example of a reprice able liability? A) Money the bank has borrowed from the money market B) Cash in the vault C) Demand deposits that do not pay an interest rate D) Short term securities issued by the government about to mature owned by the bank E) All of the above are examples of reprice able assets Answer: A 130. Which of the following would be an example of a nonreplicable asset? A) Money the bank has borrowed from the money market B) Cash in the vault C) Demand deposits that do not pay an interest rate D) Short term securities issued by the government about to mature owned by the bank E) All of the above are examples of reprice able assets Answer: B 131. Which of the following would be an example of a nonreplicable liability? A) Money the bank has borrowed from the money market B) Cash in the vault C) Demand deposits that do not pay an interest rate D) Short term securities issued by the government about to mature owned by the bank E) All of the above are examples of reprice able assets Answer: C 132. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. If interest rates do not change in the next ninety days, what is this bank’s net interest margin? A) 8% B) 5% C) 4% D) 1.4% E) Cannot tell from the information given Answer: C 133. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. What is the dollar interest-sensitive gap of this bank? A) -$200 B) -$100 C) $200 D) $300 E) $600 Answer: D 134. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities rise by 2% in the next 90 days, what would this bank’s net interest margin be? A) 4% B) 4.4% C) 4.6% D) 2.4% E) 6% Answer: C 135. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities rise by 2% in the next 90 days, what should happen to this bank’s net interest margin? A) It should rise B) It should fall C) It should stay the same D) Cannot be determined from the above information Answer: A 136. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities decrease by 2% in the next 90 days, what would this bank’s net interest margin be? A) 3.4% B) 4% C) .4% D) 5.6% E) 2% Answer: A 137. The Tidewater State Bank has $1000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $700 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. This bank also has $800 in total liabilities, $400 of which will be repriced within the next 90 days. Currently, the bank is earning 8% on its assets and is paying 5% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities decrease by 2%, what should happen to this bank’s net interest margin? A) It should rise B) It should fall C) It should stay the same D) Cannot be determined from the above information Answer: B 138. The Arnold National Bank has a bond portfolio that consists of bonds with 5 years to maturity and a 9% coupon rate. These bonds are selling in the market for $1126. Coupon payments are made annually on this bond. What is the yield to maturity on these bonds? A) 3% B) 6% C) 9% D) 12% E) None of the above Answer: B 139. The Arnold National Bank has a bond portfolio that consists of bonds with 5 years to maturity and a 9% coupon rate. These bonds are selling in the market for $1126. Coupon payments are made annually on this bond. What is duration of these bonds? A) 3.77 years B) 4.29 years C) 5 years D) 9 years E) None of the above Answer: B 140. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. If interest rates do not change in the next 90 days, what is this bank’s net interest margin? A) .5% B) .8% C) 1.8% D) 5.8% E) None of the above Answer: D 141. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. What is the dollar interest sensitive gap of this bank? A) $400 B) -$1100 C) -$500 D) $1000 E) None of the above Answer: C 142. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities rise by 2% in the next 90 days, what would be this bank’s net interest margin? A) 4.2% B) 5.3% C) 5.8% D) 6.2% E) 7.8% Answer: B 143. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities rise by 2% in the next 90 days, what should happen to this bank’s net interest margin? A) It should rise B) It should fall C) It should stay the same D) Cannot be determined from the information given Answer: B 144. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities fall by 2% in the next 90 days, what would be this bank’s net interest margin? A) 3.8% B) 5.4% C) 5.8% D) 6.3% E) 7.8% Answer: D 145. The Harris State Bank has $2000 in total assets (all of which are earning assets), $500 of which will be repriced in the next 90 days. This bank also has $1600 in total liabilities, $1000 of which will be repriced in 90 days. The bank currently earns 9% on its assets and pays 4% on its liabilities. If interest rates on both assets and liabilities fall by 2% in the next 90 days, what should happen to this bank’s net interest margin? A) It should rise B) It should fall C) It should stay the same D) Cannot be determined from the information given? Answer: A 146. Maryellen Epplin notices that a particular T-Bill has a banker’s discount rate of 9% in the Wall Street Journal. She knows that this T-Bill has 20 days to maturity and has a face value of $10,000. What price is this T-Bill selling for in the market? A) $9100 B) $10,000 C) $9950 D) $1900 E) None of the above Answer: C 147. Maryellen Epplin notices that a particular T-Bill has a banker’s discount rate of 9% in the Wall Street Journal. She knows that this T-Bill has 20 days to maturity and has a face value of $10,000. What is the yield to maturity on this T-Bill? A) 9% B) .5% C) 4.5% D) 9.17% E) None of the above Answer: D 148. The Raymond Burr National Bank has $1000 in assets with an average duration of 5 years. This bank has $800 in liabilities with an average duration of 6.25 years. What is the duration gap of this bank? A) -1.25 years B) 0 years C) 1.25 years D) -2.25 years E) None of the above Answer: B 149. The Raymond Burr National Bank has $1000 in assets with an average duration of 5 years. This bank has $800 in liabilities with an average duration of 6.25 years. Market interest rates start at 6% and fall by 1%. What is the change in net worth of this bank? A) $11.29 B) $-11.29 C) $0 D) -$22.22 E) $22.22 Answer: C 150. The interest rate on one year Treasury Bonds is 5%. The interest rate on five year Treasury Bonds is 7.5%. The interest rate on ten year Treasury Bonds is 10%. What is true about the yield curve? A) It is upward sloping B) It is downward sloping C) It is a horizontal line D) Cannot be determined from the information given Answer: A Test Bank for Bank Management and Financial Services Peter S. Rose, Sylvia C. Hudgins 9780073382432, 9780078034671